Breast Cancer is a cancer, which develops in the breast tissues usually in the inner lining of milk ducts or may be in the lobules that supply milk to the ducts. Based on the origin of cancer they are referred to as ductal carcinoma if they occur into the milk ducts or else lobular carcinoma when their origin is in the lobules. Now the options for breast cancer treatments also depend on the type of cancer and their staging results. Staging is the process wherein the disease spreads and when it’s progressive extend is found out. Even though this is the most common type of cancer seen in women, it is considered to be one of the most fatal kinds of cancer.
The treatments available for cancer are in general classified as standard methods or clinical trial methods. Now standard methods are the methods that are currently being practiced for the curing breast cancer while clinical trials are the ones that are presently being tested for more effective results. Few of the standard methods in curing breast cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiation treatments as well as targeted therapy.
Surgery method is one of the potential options for eradicating the cancerous cells from the human body. The complete breast or a little portion of the breast is taken out depending on the level of the stage to which cancer has progressed and extends of its spreading in the body. Depending on the level of operation which is required to remove all the cancerous cells from the body, the surgeries are distinguished into various types.
This treatment of chemotherapy helps in killing down the cancerous cells or avoids them from growing by means of internal insertion of drugs. The way of drug insertion can be either through the bloodstream that spreads all through the body that is identified as systematic chemotherapy or it is placed in the cerebrospinal fluid directly or any particular organ that is recognized as regional chemotherapy.
This type of cancer care treatment involves the insertion of components that basically negate the effect of hormones that induce the growth of cancer in the body. Estrogen is one that has been known to provoke the growth of cancer in a few cases. One of the methods of treatment includes prevention of ovaries from secreting this hormone called estrogen and this method is called as ovarian ablation. This hormonal therapy involves the use of aromatase inhibitor that helps to decreases the secretion of estrogen in the body. Usually, aromatase inhibitors are given for hormone-dependent cancer patients those are in postmenopausal stage whereas tamoxifen is given in cases of metastatic breast cancer. Aromatase inhibitors are even used generally as a means of adjuvant therapy following a continued use of tamoxifen for two or more years.
In radiation therapy, high energy x-rays are used in general as an option for drugs to kill the cancer cells and also to prevent them from growing.